With recent rains, the fall harvest and wheat planting have been put on hold. The rain totals are anywhere from 2-11 inches over the past week to 10 days in Kansas, Oklahoma, and the Texas panhandle.
WHEAT & CORN
Planted wheat acres are at 50% as of October 10th. With saturated soil and water standing in the fields, there will most likely be a need to replant some acres.
Harvested corn acres are at 50% in western Kansas, Oklahoma Panhandle, and west Texas. In the east, it is around 90%. The reported yields are above average in the west to well below average in the east on the dryland acres that suffered this past summer with a lack of rainfall.
SOYBEAN & MILO
Soybean harvest had just begun in the east, before the rain. Yield estimates are above average at this time. With cooler temperatures forecasted, it will take some time for the soil to dry out so growers can travel across these acres.
Milo harvest had begun in the west, with favorable yields reported thus far. Milo acres were up this year, and yields are expected to be above average.
Defoliation decisions have, and are being made on cotton acres across the region. The use of defoliants, desiccants or boll openers is used typically when 60% of the cotton bolls are open across a field. This practice is done for quicker dry down of cotton plants, increased harvest efficiency, increased cotton quality and increased yield. These types of products are being applied by airplane now, and over the next few weeks before winter. Cotton yield estimates are above average across the region.